It is quite common for an author to request an editor to “proofread” their book to ensure that there are no errors before publication. Just as common is the misconception of what proofreading means. There are typically four levels of editing that can occur, although not every document need go through the process of all, and some will require a combination of each. The following is a broad list of what you can expect from an editor in each level:
Consider this level a “big-picture edit.” It assesses and shapes draft material to improve its organization and content. It revises, reorders, cuts, and expands material. This level will include feedback/clarification on:
Stylistic Editing (sometimes called Substantive or Line Editing)
This level edits to clarify meaning, ensure coherence and flow, and refine the language. It eliminates jargon, clichés, and euphemisms and establishes or maintains the language level appropriate for the intended audience by working on:
This level of editing ensures correctness, accuracy, consistency, and completeness. It involves developing a style sheet or following one that is provided. It includes checking:
This level of editing occurs after all revisions are complete, and it almost always takes place after layout to correct errors in textual or visual elements. Note that proofreading is not a substitute for editing. It includes checking:
Please feel free to contact me with specific questions about editing your document. Your readers are waiting…let me help you shine! ChristineStockEditing@gmail.com
Taken in part from Definitions of Editorial Skills/Editors Canada: www.editors.ca
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